E.T.S and Carbon Services

The emissions trading scheme (ETS) has an influence on all aspects of New Zealand forest management. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the New Zealand Government agreed to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions back to 1990 levels by 2012 or pay for any excess.

The “currency” of the ETS is New Zealand Units (NZUs), commonly referred to as a ‘carbon credit’. An emission unit can represent one metric tonne of carbon dioxide itself, or the equivalent of any other greenhouse gas. Forest owners can earn NZUs from the Government because their trees absorb greenhouse gases. In reverse forest owners can also have to surrender NZU's when harvesting or deforesting.

Forestry is divided into two schemes depending on whether the first rotation was established after 1989 (post-1989) or before 1990 (pre-1990).

Post-1989 forest land:

  • is a voluntary scheme, with mandatory 5 yearly returns submitted
  • earn NZU's as their forests grow, and
  • must return credit once trees harvested or deforested
  • is capped to only return the amount of units received.

Pre-1990 forest land:

  • is a compulsory scheme
  • face obligations under the scheme if they deforest, and
  • have received a one-off allocation of NZUs to help offset the decrease in land value due to decreased land-use flexibility.
  • Can offset their forest to avoid liabilities
  • is for exotic forest only, indigenous remains under the resource management act

Our Services

Whether you are in or out of the schemes we can assess your liabilities at the harvest assessment stage. It is very important these legal obligations are met. We can time your harvest to minimise credit loss, work out the changes in carbon stocks, submit your emissions return and arrange units for surrender.


Woodmetrics Forest Marketing continues to offer expert services in all aspects of ETS administration:

  • De-registering from the ETS
  • Post-1989 ETS and PFSI Registration
  • Support with NZEUR account management
  • Mapping and shape file creation
  • Completing and submitting annual and mandatory emissions returns
  • Forestry Right review to accommodate the ETS
  • Transfer of ETS participation when property ownership changes
  • Field Measurement Approach
  • Sale and purchase of carbon credits
  • Insurance options for trees and carbon
  • Providing remedy in compliance situations where incorrect credit numbers have been applied for and allocated